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In many areas this spring high amounts of rainfall have hindered plant growth and, in some fields, even reduced plant populations to levels where replanting was necessary. Now, tropical storm Cindy has dumped a significant amount of rain across Southern soybean producing areas. In some cases, this has resulted in flooding. Today we’ll take a look at the impact flooding can have on soybeans.

First, there are no canned answers for this problem. When flood waters cover fields, oxygen concentration can be reduced to zero in 24 hours. Without oxygen, soybean plants cannot perform essential processes (respiration, water uptake, root growth and nodulation) to remain alive. According to the literature, soybeans can survive flooded conditions up to 96 hours. However, this is dependent on a number of factors like ambient and water temperature, standing verses moving water, soil type and crop growth stage.

Temperature: High temperatures result in increased respiration which reduces the time the plant can survive the flooded condition. Under these conditions, the plant requires more oxygen. Since the oxygen levels are depleted, the plant will die sooner compared to survival during cooler temperatures. Ideally, if flooding does occur, cool temperatures (ambient and water) coupled with cloudy weather will allow for the best opportunity for recovery.

Water standing vs. moving: Flood waters are bad; however, moderate water movement will allow some oxygen to get to the plant’s root system and buy a little more time for survival.

Soil type: The faster the soil dries, the less likely the damage will be. Flooding is potentially worse on clay soils because these soils dry slower than other soil types.

Growth Stage: Certainly, flood waters can negatively impact soybeans at any growth stage. However, the most susceptible growth stage is R1-R2. Generally speaking, larger plants need more oxygen to survive.

Something to keep in mind… In addition to retarding growth and reducing yield potential, flood waters and saturated soils will increase the risk to soil born the pathogens Pythium and Phytophthora. These fungi are referred to as ‘water-loving’ fungi.

 

 

The Armor Story Begins With

Amber Waves of Grain

Less than a year after the country celebrated its bicentennial, the seed — dare we say — was planted for the way Armor Seed continues to do business today, over four decades later.

Sherman Cullum, with nothing more than a servant’s heart and a relentless drive to provide local farmers with the best seed available, set out to pursue the American dream.

Season after season, Mr. Cullum and his team over-came obstacles by remaining focused on the needs of farmers — understanding a strong start with quality seed is essential to a successful harvest.

Over forty years later, much has changed in modern agriculture. But Armor’s dedication to supplying the best seed available to help farmers Start Strong is planted deeply in fields across the United States.

Armor Seed is proud to be involved in American agriculture and grateful to be a part of your farm.

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UP NEXT :: WHEAT

UP NEXT :: WHEAT

There seem to be strong feelings one way or the other about growing wheat this year, but for our growers more northward, especially in Kentucky and Missouri, planting season is right around the corner. Those areas will typically see solid yield potential in wheat.

Visit the Armor Seed Store to Start Strong